A nano letter but a large optical non linearity !

Another paper, resulting from the collaboration between our group and Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering from National Taiwan Normal University, has been published in Nano Letters. Strong coupling provides a powerful way to modify the nonlinear optical properties of materials but the coupling strength is restricted by a weak-field confinement in cavities, which limits the enhancement of the optical nonlinearity. Here, we investigate a strong coupling between Mie resonant modes of high-index dielectric nanocavities and an epsilon-near-zero mode of an ultrathin indium tin oxide film and obtain an anticrossing splitting of 220 meV. In addition, static nonlinear optical measurements reveal a large enhancement in the intensity-independent effective optical nonlinear coefficients, reaching more than 3 orders of magnitude at the coupled resonance.