Angewandte paper !

A new publication just appeared in Angewandte Chemie International Edition , in collaboration with IPCMS, Strasbourg, and University of Heidelberg. We studied the self-assembly of a conjugated polymer under vibrational strong coupling. It appeared under electron microcopy that the supramolecular morphology is totally different from that observed in the absence of strong coupling. Morever the self-assembly kinetics is modified and depends on which bond of the solvent is coupled.

Review in Science

A review entitled “Manipulating matter by strong-coupling to vacuum field” just appeared in Science. It has been written by Pr T.W. Ebbesen in collaboration with Pr. F. Garcia-Vidal and Pr. C. Ciuti and it summarizes the actual knowledge on the surprizing implications of the strong coupling regime on matter properties, both on an experimental and theoretical point of view.

(Left) Charge transfer complexation between mesitylene and iodide(courtesy of K. Nagarajan). (Right) Energy transfer between donor and acceptor molecules (courtesy of J. Galego)

Spring publications !

We are pleased to announce two new publications.

First, our paper about the enhancement of the ferromagnetism of YBCO nanoparticles under strong-coupling has been accepted in Nano Letters and is now available in open access. Making use of cooperative strong-coupling, we measured a strong ferromagnetism even at room temperature, that competes with superconductivity below the Tc of YBCO. Thanks and congratulations to our collaborators from IPCMS !

Second we published a “Feature Article” in Physics Today, in collaboration with Jérôme Faist from ETH Zürich, dealing with the control of new properties in materials via the hybrid light-matter states created in optical cavities.

To read by the fireside during this rainy and cool spring !

Non linearity enhanced by strong coupling

Our latest results have just been accepted for publication in Nature Communications. In this work we strongly couple the exciton of cyanine dye J-aggregates to an optical mode of a Fabry-Perot (FP) cavity, and achieve an enhancement of the complex nonlinear refractive index by two orders of magnitude compared with that of the uncoupled condition. Moreover, the coupled system shows an ultrafast response of ~120 fs that we extract from optical cross-correlation measurements. The ultrafast and large enhancement of the optical nonlinar coefficients in this work paves the way for exploring strong coupling effects on various third-order nonlinear optical phenomena and for technological application. The paper is now accessible in Open Access on Nature Communications website and on our publications page.

Symmetry yrtemmyS

Vibrational strong coupling (VSC) has recently been shown to change the rate and chemoselectivity of ground state chemical reactions via the formation of light‐matter hybrid polaritonic states.Our recent observation that vibrational mode symmetry has a large influence on charge transfer reactions under VSC suggested that symmetry considerations could be used to control other types of chemical selectivity. We thus explored the stereoselectivity of the thermal electrocyclic ring‐opening of a cyclobutene derivative, a reaction which follows the Woodward‐Hoffmann rules, under VSC. The direction of the change in stereoselectivity depends on the vibrational mode that is coupled, as do changes in rate and reaction thermodynamics. All this is summarized in a new publication, resulting from a collaboration with Joseph Moran‘s group, that just appeared in Angewandte Chemie in Open Access, but also in our publication page.

Mirrors and nothingness…

An interesting article written by Katrina Krämer just appeared in Chemistry World, about the control of chemical reactions via hybrid-light matter states. It summarizes, via the opinion of some actors of this research field like T.W. Ebbesen, J. Yuen-Zhou or Felipe Herrera, what is known already, what still needs to be understood and what could be the future of the field.

Summer reading

Our latest manuscript has just been accepted for publication in ACS Nano. We are showing that it is possible to enhance both the conductivity and photoconductivity of a p-type semiconductor rr-P3HT that is ultra-strongly coupled to plasmonic modes. In addition, the photoconductivity shows a modified spectral response due to the formation of the hybrid polaritonic states.

Congratulations to all co-authors !

Role of Symmetry in Vibrational Strong Coupling

Our latest paper is online and open access in Angewandte Chemie. We explore and reveal the critical role of molecular symmetry in vibrational strong coupling (VSC) in the case of a charge-transfer (CT) complexation reaction. We show indeed that VSC induces large changes in the equilibrium constant of the mesitylene-I2 CT complex, which can be either enhanced or suppressed depending only on the symmetry of the
vibration coupled to the vacuum electromagnetic field.

 

Thermodynamics of VSC

A new publication appeared last week in Nanophotonics, where we study the evolution of some thermodynamic parameters of a chemical reaction (desilylation of PTA) happening in an optical cavity, under vibrational strong coupling (VSC). In this regime, the enthalpy and entropy of activation, determined from temperature-dependent kinetics studies, vary nonlinearly with the coupling strength whereas, when the same parameters are characterized out of cavity, they are pretty constant. It confirms that changes in the kinetics observed under VSC are only related to the enhanced coupling strength. Those results give more insight into the role of collective strong coupling on the transition state that leads to modified dynamics and branching ratios. See our publications page !

Back to school…

We are pleased to announce that a new publication, in cooperation with Vladimir Torbeev group, has just been accepted in Angewandte Chemie International Edition. This time we applied the concept of strong-coupling induced cooperative effect to a biological molecule, the pepsin, which is a digestive enzyme. When strongly coupling the OH stretching bond of the water surrounding pepsin (and involved in its chemical mechanism), the enzyme activity, characterized by fluorescence spectroscopy, is modified. Being able to alter the energy landscape of biological molecules opens a new and promising way to studies on biochemical reactivity. The paper is open access and has been tagged as VIP paper. You can also download it in our Publications page.